NURS 6501 Pain The neurological system Discussion

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NURS 6501 Pain The neurological system Discussion

NURS 6501 Pain The neurological system Discussion

 

The neurological system affects all parts and functions of
the body through nerve stimulation. Nerves also control the sensation and
perception of pain. While pain can be described in a variety of ways, it is
essentially labeled according to its duration and source. As an advanced
practice nurse evaluating a patient, you need to consider the following
questions: Does the pain quickly come and go, or is it persistent and ongoing?
Does the pain arise at the source of injury or in another location? In this
Discussion, you compare three common types of pain—acute, chronic, and
referred.

To prepare:

Review this week’s media presentation on the neurological
system, as well as Chapter 13 in the Huether and McCance text.

Identify the pathophysiology of acute, chronic, and referred
pain. Consider the similarities and differences between these three types of
pain.

Select two of the following patient factors: genetics,
gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Reflect on how the factors you selected
might impact the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and prescription of treatment for
acute, chronic, and referred pain.

By Day 3

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Post a description of the pathophysiology of acute, chronic,
and referred pain, including similarities and differences between them. Then,
explain how the factors you selected might impact the pathophysiology, diagnosis,
and prescription of treatment for acute, chronic, and referred pain.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.

By Day 6

Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different
days who selected different factors than you, in the following ways:

Share insights on how your colleague’s factors impact the
pathophysiology of pain.

Suggest alternative diagnoses and treatment options for
acute, chronic, and referred pain. Pathophysiology of Pain Pain is described by Heather and McCance (2017) as a complex experience, one that includes physical, cognitive, spiritual, emotional, and environmental factors, which may be a signal of tissue damage, lasting from seconds to as long as three months, or chronic lasting greater than three to six months and have no purpose (p.340-341). Pain is an unpleasant sensation that can only be described by the person who feels it. The sensation of pain is transmitted by the central nervous system, which processes potentially harmful stimuli by way of nociceptors, which are pain receptors. (Heather & McCance, 2017). Nociceptors are distributed throughout the body, which transmits the sensation of pain, and responds to the stimuli in different ways (Heather & McCance, 2017). Different types of stimuli cause different types of pain sensations, such as mechanical, thermal and chemical. Some chemical receptors that are associated with the sensation of pain include brady

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