NURS 434 Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child Essay

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NURS 434 Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child Essay

NURS 434 Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child Essay

Details:

The needs of the pediatric patient differ depending on age,
as do the stages of development and the expected assessment findings for each
stage. In a 500-750-word paper, examine the needs of a school-aged child
between the ages of 5 and 12 years old and discuss the following:

Compare the physical assessments among school-aged children.
Describe how you would modify assessment techniques to match the age and
developmental stage of the child.

Typical Developmental Stages of a Six-Year-Old Child

Physical development of a six-year-old includes the child gaining about 4 to 6 pounds and growing about 2 inches from the previous year. The abdominal muscles strengthen, the posture straightens, and facial features become more refined (Riley, Morrison & McEvoy, 2019). In the motor development, they should exhibit good motor ability, able to do simple chores at home, able to conduct self-care in the toilet, and dress. In cognitive development, they can tell his age, understands the concept of 10, can describe their favorite television program in some detail (Riley, Morrison & McEvoy, 2019). Besides, they can tell if it is morning or afternoon, can define words by use, and demonstrates logical thinking. In language development, a six-year-old has approximately 2560 words, can construct intelligible 6- or 7-word sentences, and can read several one-syllable words (Riley, Morrison & McEvoy, 2019). Socially, they worry about being liked, are proud and possessive of one’s belongings, and prefer to be treated like an adult.

Application of the Erickson Developmental Theory in Assessing a School-Age Child

Erik Erickson came up with the eight-stage psychosocial theory of development. According to Erickson’s theory, each developmental stage has two conflicting ideas that must be solved for one to move to the next stage (Gilleard & Higgs, 2016). School-age children belong to the Industry vs. Inferiority stage. A child in this stage either develop a sense of pride and accomplishment in their academic work, sports, social activities, and family life or feel inferior and inadequate when they feel that they don’t measure up (Gilleard & Higgs, 2016). I would developmentally assess a school-age child by evaluating the child’s academic performance at school. I would also assess the child’s social interaction with peers and family members

I would offer explanations using simple language and short sentences that the child understands. I will reinforce the child’s interest by giving the child a chance to participate in the examination, such as undressing (Srinath et al., 2019). Besides, I will inform the child of any painful or discomforting procedure that will be done and measures I will take to lessen the degree of pain. After the health assessment, I will discuss the findings with the child and caregiver and discuss the diagnostic tests that might be required (Srinath et al., 2019). In addition, I will inform the child of the diagnosis and the treatment plan to help the child feel he is in control of his health.

Conclusion

Physical assessment of a school-age child entails a general survey, monitoring of vital signs, calculating the BMI, and a head-to-toe exam. Besides, the examiner should note for signs of abuse and conduct a dental screening as well as visual and hearing tests. The examination of the young child should be held in the presence of the caregiver to promote cooperation while the older children should be done privately. Erickson’s theory can be applied to assess a child’s academic performance and social interactions with family and peers. It is essential that the examiner involves the child in the physical exam, offers instructions using simple language, and discuss findings with the child to promote cooperation.

Choose a child between the ages of 5 and 12 years old.
Identify the age of the child and describe the typical developmental stages of
children that age.

Applying developmental theory based on Erickson, Piaget, or
Kohlberg, explain how you would developmentally assess the child. Include how
you would offer explanations during the assessment, strategies you would use to
gain cooperation, and potential findings from the assessment.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in
the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not
required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric
prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for
successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.
Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

School-age children development

Well child – ages 6 to 12

School-age child development describes the expected physical, emotional, and mental abilities of children ages 6 to 12.

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