NUR117: Music And Health
NUR117: Music And Health
3. The mother of an adolescent tells a nurse that she argues frequently with her daughter about playing music while studying. Which of the following is an appropriate response for the nurse to make?
Music is effective with patients with conditions ranging from cancer to schizophrenia
to traumatic brain injury, and is used to support patients in staying well by combating
the debilitating effects of stress, sleeplessness, and chronic pain. Indeed, today music
is integrated into health care at every level. The clinical use of music is now an
evidence-based practice that has been proven both to satisfy patients and, very
significantly, to lower the cost of care.
Music has also been shown to enhance the experience of patients waiting for well
visits Y improving individual perception of the hospital, enhancing the speed and
efficacy of staff performance in surgery, and even ameliorating the anxiety of patients
being weaned from mechanical ventilation. Music has the potential to minimize the
procedural and environmental demand that the conditions of the Intensive Care Unit
place on patients, and it can engage and help to retain typically elusive patient-groups
in areas such as mental health and substance abuse. Additionally, music has the
potential to encourage people to commit to routine and necessary preventive care.
Each of the arts can be an effective tool for motivating, empowering, and developing
staff. Many arts-based programs and encounters can help staff to affect positive
change in their working environment and to address personal and professional
development aims, yet music appears especially effective in addressing the needs of
caregivers. This is particularly true for stress. For example, targeted music experiences
have helped nurses relax, rejuvenate, and re-focus, enabling them to do their work
with renewed energy.
Staff experience is also improved by those musical interventions that ease patient
conditions, making patients more comfortable and rendering them easier to care for.
For example, the use of music can contribute to work satisfaction for staff by
soothing patient populations whose condition can incline them to agitation or
RESEARCH ON SPECIFIC CONDITIONS
This paper highlights selectively some of the extensive research on ways in which
music has been used to promote health in specific areas of illness and/or care. While
research is growing, many studies are still limited to a few patients or to mostly
qualitative techniques, which is a concern when music advocates try to make their
Music and Health Care