NUR 513 DQ1 Honoring Ethical Principles in Translation Research DQ

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EXCELSIOR – NUR513 RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE

NUR 513 DQ1 Honoring Ethical Principles in Translation Research DQ

 

 

Image of seven chemistry flasks with graphical representation of a baby in a womb representing the idea of human cloning.  (Tissuepix/Science Photo Library, n.d.)

This activity will address the following module outcomes:

MO1: Identify ethical implications that may arise in the translation and generation of evidence. (EPSLO 2, SLO 5)

MO 2: Examine nursing’s historical involvement in research and the nurses’ role today. (EPSLO 6, SLO 3).

MO 4: Analyze social, cultural, and political factors that may impact ethical research practice. (EPSLO 2, SLO 5).

Based on your learning activities, respond to the following prompts:

Choose one of the Composite Case Studies presented by Ong- Flaherty, et al., (2016) that resonates most with you.

Identify which of the Fifteen Ethical Principles of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights were violated in the case (These principles are on p. 682 in Melnyk & Fineout).

Examine the cultural considerations embedded in the case.

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How can this case be used to inform future practice?

DQ2 Applying Ethical Principles in Practice

Image of practitioner gathering information from her patient in an exam room. (Science Photo Library, n.d.)This activity will address the following module outcomes:

MO 1: Identify ethical implications that may arise in the translation and generation of evidence. (EPSLO 2, SLO 5)

MO 3: Describe various processes for protecting the rights of study participants. (EPSLO 2; SLO 5).

MO4: Analyze social, cultural, and political factors that may impact ethical research practice. (EPSLO 2; SLO 5)

The training you receive from The Research Clinic prepares you to uphold ethical principles in practice, but bear in mind that historically, evidence-based clinical management and quality improvement projects were often exempt from IRB approval. It was perceived there was no risk to human subjects, as there were no research participants. They were translating and implementing current evidence, not generating new evidence. However, any interaction with human subjects has the potential to violate ethical principles. It is now recognized that EBP and QI projects need to be reviewed to ensure they maintain ethical principles, although there are different considerations when evaluating an EBP or QI project versus a research proposal.

Based on your learning activities, respond to the following prompts:

Using your proposed project for The Investigation of a Clinical Problem Paper, discuss how you will address three of the following ethical principles:

Social or Scientific Value

Scientific Validity

Fair subject selection

Favorable risk-benefit ratio

Independent Review

Respect for potential and enrolled subjects

Informed consent (Melnyk & Fineout- Overholt, 2019, p. 694)

Then, describe how the nurses’ role in research has changed over time.

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