NUR 2349 Assignment Rapid Reasoning: Clostridium difficile Colitis

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NUR 2349 Assignment Rapid Reasoning: Clostridium difficile Colitis

NUR 2349 Assignment Rapid Reasoning: Clostridium difficile Colitis

 

Chief Complaint/History of Present Illness:

Mindy Perkins is a 48 year old woman who presents to the ED
with 10-15 loose, liquid stools daily for the past 2 days. She completed a
course of oral Amoxacillin seven days ago for a dental infection. In addition
to loose stools, she complains of lower abd. pain that began 2 days ago as
well. She has not noted any blood in the stool. She denies vomiting or
fever/chills. She is on Prednisone for Crohn’s disease as well as Pantaprazole
(Protonix) for severe GERD.

Past Medical History:

• Crohn’s
disease

• GERD

Your Initial VS:

WILDA Pain Scale (5th VS)
Words: Crampy
Intensity: 7/10
Location: Generalized throughout RLQ-LLQ
Duration: Persistent since onset 2 days ago
Aggreviate: None
Alleviate: None
T:100.2
(o)
P:92
R:20
BP:122/78
O2 sats:98% RA
Ortho BP’s:Lying:
122/78 HR: 92
Standing: 120/70 HR: 114

Your Initial Nursing Assessment:

GENERAL APPEARANCE: appears weak and uncomfortable. Easily
fatigued

RESP: breath sounds clear with equal aeration bilat.,
non-labored

CARDIAC: pink, warm & dry, S1S2, no edema, pulses 3+ in
all extremities

NEURO: alert & oriented x4

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GI/GU: active BS in all quads, abd. soft/tender to palpation
in lower abd-no rebound tenderness or guarding

MISC: Lips dry, oral mucosa tacky with no shiny saliva
present in mouth

Nursing Interventions:

• Orthostatic
BP’s (ED standing order)

• Establish
PIV (ED standing order)

• Initiate
enteric precautions (ED standing order)

Physician Orders:

• 0.9% NS
1000 mL IV bolus

• Hydromorphone
(Dilaudid) 1 mg IVP

• Stool
culture for C. difficile

• BMP, CBC

• Vancomycin
250 mg po

o 1000
mg/20 mL…determine dosage to administer

• Admit to
medical unit

Lab/diagnostic Results:

• Stool
culture for C. difficile: Positive

BMP Current High/Low
Sodium 132 CBC Current High/Low
Potassium 3.5 WBC 12.6
Creatinine 1.45 HGB 14.5
BUN 47 PLTS 188
CO2 18 Neuts. % 86
Lymphs % 10

1.
What data from the
chief complaint, VS & nursing assessment is RELEVANT that must be recognized
as clinically significant to the nurse?

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RELEVANT data: Rationale:
Chief
complaint:

VS/assessment:

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2.
What lab/diagnostic
results are RELEVANT that must be recognized as clinically significant to the
nurse?

RELEVANT
Diagnostic results:
Rationale:

3. What is
the primary problem that your patient is most likely presenting with?

4. What is
the underlying cause /pathophysiology of this concern?

5. What nursing priority will guide your plan of care?

6.What interventions will you initiate based on this
priority?

Nursing
Interventions
Rationale: Expected Outcome:
1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.
4. 4. 4.

7. What is
the relationship between the following nursing interventions/physician orders
and your patient’s primary medical problem?

Nsg.
Interventions/MD orders:
Rationale: Expected
Outcome:
Orthostatic BP’s
(ED standing order)
Establish PIV
(ED
standing order)
Initiate enteric precautions
(ED
standing order)
0.9% NS 1000 mL IV bolus
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) 1 mg
IVP
Stool culture for C. difficile
BMP
CBC
Vancomycin 250 mg po
Admit to medical unit

8. What body system(s) will you most thoroughly assess based
on the patient’s chief complaint and

primary/priority concern?

9. What is the worst possible complication to anticipate?
(start with A-B-C priorities)

10. What nursing assessment(s) will you need to initiate to
identify and respond to quickly if this

complication develops?

11. What is the patient likely experiencing/feeling right
now in this situation?

12. What can you do to engage yourself with this patient’s
experience, and show that they matter to

you as a person?

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