NSG 4076 Discussion Capstone Synthesis
NSG 4076 Discussion Capstone Synthesis
Bi-weekly Practicum Journaling
Every two weeks, you’ll post a reflective journal to the discussion area for instructors and classmates to review. Everyone is asked to participate and encourage one another by sharing their experiences in a safe, constructive, and professional setting. Journaling is a type of active learning that aims to improve reflective practice (Blake, 2005). Reflective practice entails reviewing what happened in the practice context in order to enhance performance or foster professional development (Ruth-Sahd, 2003).
Your Weekly Practicum Journal is:
A personal, introspective subjective account that focuses on Healthy People 2020 and course objectives. You can include events that occurred, but be sure to describe your thoughts and feelings about those events. How did your perceptions change? What did you learn that was unexpected? Describe your thinking about your thoughts and feelings regarding the new learning you experienced.
Connected to South University’s College of Nursing Conceptual Framework Pillars (Caring, Communication, Critical Thinking, Professionalism, and Holism).
Connected to prior coursework and experiences through reflective analysis.
Written in a scholarly, academic style using APA style format. Two or three sentences are not sufficient nor are daily logs/reports of activities.
Paraphrasing and Synthesis
Synthesis is important in scholarly writing as it is the combination of ideas on a given topic or subject area. Synthesis is different from summary. Summary consists of a brief description of one idea, piece of text, etc. Synthesis involves combining ideas together.
Summary: Overview of important general information in your own words and sentence structure.
Paraphrase: Articulation of a specific passage or idea in your own words and sentence structure.
Synthesis: New interpretation of summarized or paraphrased details in your own words and sentence structure.
In the capstone, writers should aim for synthesis in all areas of the document, especially the literature review. Synthesis combines paraphrased information, where the writer presents information from multiple sources. Synthesis demonstrates scholarship; it demonstrates an understanding of the literature and information, as well as the writer’s ability to connect ideas and develop an argument.
From Allan and Zed (2012, p. 195)
Supervision, one practice in transactional leadership theory, is especially effective for small business owners. Improved retention not only contributes to an efficient workplace, but it promotes local commercial stability and cultural unity. Other management styles informed by transactional theory can also benefit communities.
Allan and Zed (2012) noted that supervision and other transactional leadership strategies provide advantages for small business owners and their surrounding communities.
This paraphrase DOES:
- include the main idea,
- summarize the key information using fewer words than the original text, and
- include a citation to credit the source.
Synthesis is achieved by comparing and contrasting paraphrased information on a given topic. Discussions of the literature should be focused not on study-by-study summaries (see the Creating a Literature Review Outline SMRTguide). Writers should begin by using comparison language (indicated in bold and highlighted text in the examples below) to combine ideas on a given topic:
- Keller (2012) found that X occurred. Likewise, Daal (2013) found that X occurred but also noted that the effects of X differed from those suggested by Keller (2012).
- Schwester (2013) reported results consistent with findings in Hill’s (2011) and Yao’s (2012) studies.
- Although Mehmad (2012) suggested X, O’Donnell (2013) recommended a different approach.
Again, the focus of synthesis is to combine ideas on a given topic and for the writer to use that to review the existing literature or support an overall argument (i.e., in the problem statement, rationale and justification for the method, etc.).
For more information and examples on synthesis, paragraph structure, and the MEAL Plan strategy for writing review additional Form and Style resources: