NRS 428 Spiritual Considerations Surrounding a Disaster DQ

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NRS 428 Spiritual Considerations Surrounding a Disaster DQ

NRS 428 Spiritual Considerations Surrounding a Disaster DQ


DQ1 What
spiritual considerations surrounding a disaster can arise for individuals,
communities, and health care providers? Explain your answer in the context of a
natural or manmade disaster. How can a community health nurse assist in the
spiritual care of the individual, community, self, and colleagues?

DQ2 Watch
the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the
catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by
answering the following questions:

Propose one
example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the
following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary
prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by
previous students.

Under which
phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you
chose that phase.

With what
people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions
and why?

“What Spiritual Issues Surrounding a Disaster Can Arise for Individuals, Communities, and Health Care Providers” paper states that disaster can have a vital impact on the lives of people in every domain of society. When a disaster takes place, it destroys assets, the physical health of people. …

Disasters are disastrous events whose origins can be atmospheric or geological. Disasters can be artificial or natural. A study conducted by Ronan et al. (2017) indicated a double rise in the number of persons who will suffer from disaster by 2050. Additionally, reports indicate a 400% rise in worldwide natural occurring disasters (Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2017). New Jersey state is not an exception in handling both natural and manmade disasters. Even though the state experienced many natural calamities such as wildfires, the massive and the most traumatic natural disaster the state suffered from was superstorm sandy (Newton, 2019). Spiritual Considerations Surrounding a Disaster

The outcome of superstorm Sandy in New Jersey caused human suffering through morbidity, mortality, damage of properties such as habitats, and disruption of social surroundings. Besides, the disaster results in a lack of trust among community members, despair to an individual, and a sense of struggle among caregivers (Newton, 2019). Therefore, individuals, the community, and health care workers also require divine support to conquer the repercussions of any particular disaster event.

Spirituality is thought to help promote early recovery from any form of traumatic disaster. However, after an impact of a disaster individual, the community and health care workers’ response may vary on the spiritual aspects. For instance, a superstorm sandy disaster changed New Jersey’s netizens physically, emotionally, and psychologically and most importantly, spiritually. The trauma experienced resulted in spiritual dissatisfaction, thoughts of punishment from God, and interpersonal spirituality discontent. The mentioned divine coping is due to psychological trauma experienced from the disaster. (Ronan, 2017).

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Secondly, some community members who survived the superstorm sandy event incorporated their divine meaning into interpreting the disaster as a coping strategy. The community believed God was the author of the disaster by citing references from the bible stated by the prophets.  However, other members viewed God as a punishing giver from a loving figure. Thirdly, for care providers, the divine aspect may be encountered when nursing hopeless and desperate disaster victims. The pain and grief witnessed by caregivers from seeing traumatized victims may lead the health care workers to find spiritual healing, so their beliefs are restored, and decisions made in the clinical practice are spiritual based (Newton, 2019).

How can a community health nurse assist in the spiritual care of the individual, community, self, and colleagues?

The community caregiver plays a crucial role in the spiritual field to an individual after a superstorm Sandy disaster occurrence that led to the loss of beloved ones.  The nurse ensures the affected person greatly tolerates physical and emotional demands by reducing pain felt and eliminating any trigger to stress and any negative thoughts. Therefore, the nurse lowers the risks of depression and suicidal thoughts to the victim of a fire outbreak. In addition, a community health nurse has a role in assessing a person’s understanding of spirituality by obtaining a spiritual history. This aids in compassionately providing individualized care hence necessitates faster recovery (Zhou, 2018).

Community health nurse’s roles in the spiritual aspect to the community. Local health care providers ensure emotional care to community members. Spiritual care providers collaborate with mental health practitioners when giving care to communities in disaster. Severely traumatized patients are at risk of post-traumatic stress disorder; thus, a need to refer the patients to mental health for adequate counseling and sufficient emotional care. Additionally, the provision of spiritual care to the community ignites vital capacities of resilience and hope. Finally, community health caregivers participate in the planning, preparation, training, and mitigation of spiritual components.  Through collaboration with the society faith elders, the nurses prepare the congregation and other society members for any disaster, forming a resilient community (Newton, 2019).

Roles of community caregivers in the spiritual aspect to self. The provision of spiritual care in a disaster can be a burdening experience. The caregivers experience compassion fatigue. Post-care processes for spiritual and emotional care providers are essential. Also, agencies dealing with disaster response take responsibility to develop healthy job and life styles to care for their health care providers in times of disaster (Ronan, 2017).


Newton, A., & McIntosh, D. (2019). Association of general religiousness and specific religious beliefs with coping appraisals in response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 12, 129 –146. doi:10.1080/13674670802380400

Ronan, K. R., & Johnston, D. M. (2017). Promoting community resilience in disasters: The role of schools, youths, and families. New York, NY: Springer.

Zhou, L., Wu, X., Xu, Z., & Fujita, H. (2018). Emergency decision making for natural disasters: An overview. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 27, 567-576. Spiritual Considerations Surrounding a Disaster

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