NRS 428 Social Determinants of Health Discussion

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NRS 428 Social Determinants of Health Discussion

NRS 428 Social Determinants of Health Discussion

 

DQ1 What
are social determinants of health?
Explain how social determinants of health contribute to the development
of disease. Describe the fundamental
idea that the communicable disease chain model is designed to represent. Give
an example of the steps a nurse can take to break the link within the
communicable disease chain.

Resources
within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the
topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.

DQ2 Select
a global health issue affecting the international health community. Briefly
describe the global health issue and its impact on the larger public health
care systems (i.e., continents, regions, countries, states, and health
departments). Discuss how health care delivery systems work collaboratively to
address global health concerns and some of the stakeholders that work on these
issues.

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Resources
within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the
topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.

Social determinants of health (SDOH) have a major impact on people’s health, well-being, and quality of life. Examples of SDOH include:

  • Safe housing, transportation, and neighborhoods
  • Racism, discrimination, and violence
  • Education, job opportunities, and income
  • Access to nutritious foods and physical activity opportunities
  • Polluted air and water
  • Language and literacy skills

SDOH also contribute to wide health disparities and inequities. For example, people who don’t have access to grocery stores with healthy foods are less likely to have good nutrition. That raises their risk of health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity — and even lowers life expectancy relative to people who do have access to healthy foods.

Just promoting healthy choices won’t eliminate these and other health disparities. Instead, public health organizations and their partners in sectors like education, transportation, and housing need to take action to improve the conditions in people’s environments.

That’s why Healthy People 2030 has an increased and overarching focus on SDOH.

How Does Healthy People 2030 Address SDOH?

One of Healthy People 2030’s 5 overarching goals is specifically related to SDOH: “Create social, physical, and economic environments that promote attaining the full potential for health and well-being for all.”

In line with this goal, Healthy People 2030 features many objectives related to SDOH. These objectives highlight the importance of “upstream” factors — usually unrelated to health care delivery — in improving health and reducing health disparities.

More than a dozen workgroups made up of subject matter experts with different backgrounds and areas of expertise developed these objectives. One of these groups, the Social Determinants of Health Workgroup, focuses solely on SDOH.

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