Discussion: Employees Of The Organization

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Discussion: Employees Of The Organization

Discussion: Employees Of The Organization

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That means it is segmented into smaller and smaller pieces until it reaches the level of the business in which it will be done. Middle managers do the primary information processing and communicating, telling their subordinates what to do and telling senior managers the outcome of what was done. Jobs within the enterprise are specialized and often organized around particular functions, such as marketing, accounting, manufacturing, and so on. Span of control indicates the number of direct reports. The new TCS CEO, N. Chandrasekaran, revised the organizational structure to lower his span of control by inserting a new layer with only a few leaders reporting directly to him. Unity of command means that each person has a single supervisor. Rules and policies are established to handle the routine work performed by employees of the organization. When in doubt about how to complete a task, employees turn to the rules. If a rule doesn’t exist to handle the situation, employees turn to a supervisor in the hierarchy for the decision. Key decisions are made at the top and filter down through the organization in a centralized fashion. Hier- archical structures, which are sometimes called vertical structures, are most suited to relatively stable, certain envi- ronments in which the top‐level executives are in command of the information needed to make critical decisions. This allows them to make decisions quickly. Hierarchical organizational structure is an organizational form based on the concepts of division of labor, specialization, span of control, and unity of command. Decision rights are highly specified and centralized. When work needs to be done, orders typically come from the top and work is subjected to the division of labor.

This model, called a bureaucracy, was based on a hierarchical organiza- tional structure.

 

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