Immigration and the Color Line in America 21

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multiracial Americans fit along the continuum of volitional and ascribed iden- tities. Are their identities more symbolic and situational, as they are for white ethnics, or are they more constrained and consequential, as they are for racial- ized minorities such as African Americans? We close the chapter by assessing what the empirical patterns we observe suggest about the fluidity of boundaries for America’s nonwhite groups more generally.

In chapter 9 we analyze how racial and ethnic diversity is geographically linked in the aggregate to patterns of multiracial identification across places, and we analyze how the size of specific minority racial and ethnic groups in certain places directly relates to multiracial reporting in those areas, and indi- rectly relates to such reporting through diversity and through intermarriage. Given the historical specificity of black-white relations in the United States, larger black populations may affect intergroup relations differently than do larger Asian and Latino populations. We conclude by discussing what such differences suggest about intergroup relations and changing color lines from such a quantitative perspective.

In chapter 10 we offer a synthesis of our findings and draw out implications of our research for the future of race and ethnic relations. We also suggest what we believe are some fruitful directions for further research.

22 The Diversity Paradox

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