Assignment: Rate of Blood Infusion

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Assignment: Rate of Blood Infusion

Assignment: Rate of Blood Infusion

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Question 12

Your ESRD patient is receiving 2 units of packed red blood cells for anemia (Hgb of 8.2). Twenty minutes into the first transfusion, the nurse observes the patient has a flushed face, hives over upper body trunk, and is complaining of pain in lower back. His vital signs include pulse rate of 110 and BP drop to 95/56.What is the nurse’s priority action? Answers:

A. Recheck the type of blood infusing with the chart documentation of patient’s blood type. B. Discontinue the transfusion and begin an infusion of normal saline.

C. Slow the rate of the blood infusion to 50 mL/hour.

D. Document the assessment as the only action.

Question 13

A 5th grade elementary student asks the school nurse how much blood is in an entire body. The nurse should respond that the average grown-up adult has

Answers:

A. 2 to 4 cups of blood in his or her body.

B. 5 to 6 L of blood throughout his or her body.

C. 3 pints of blood in total.

D. 3 to 4 quarts of blood in his or her body.

Question 14

The geriatrician providing care for a 74-year-old man with diagnosis of Parkinson disease has recently changed the client’s medication regimen. What is the most likely focus of the pharmacologic treatment of the man’s health problem?

Answers:

A. Preventing demyelination of the efferent cerebellar pathways

B. Preventing axonal degradation of motor neurons

C. Maximizing acetylcholine release from synaptic vesicles at neuromuscular junctions

D. Increasing the functional ability of the underactive dopaminergic system

Question 15

A student makes the statement to a colleague, “Blood plasma is essentially just a carrier for the formed elements like red blood cells and white blood cells.”What would be the most accurate response to this statement?

Answers:

A. “Not really. Plasma also contributes to the processes of protein synthesis and hematopoiesis.”

B. “Actually, plasma plays a significant role in nutrient and waste transport.”

C. “Actually, plasma is integral to the proper function of the liver and maintenance of acid–base balance.”

D. “That’s not really true. Plasma is crucial in the immune and inflammatory responses.”

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