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Assignment: High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

Assignment: High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

Assignment: High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT: Assignment: High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

A client received tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) after a myocardial infarction and now is on an intravenous infusion of heparin. The client’s spouse asks why the client needs this medication. What response by the nurse is best?

a.“The t-PA didn’t dissolve the entire coronary clot.”

b.“The heparin keeps that artery from getting blocked again.”

c.“Heparin keeps the blood as thin as possible for a longer time.”

d.“The heparin prevents a stroke from occurring as the t-PA wears off.”

Question 10

The nurse is reviewing the lipid panel of a male client who has atherosclerosis. Which finding is most concerning?

a. Cholesterol: 126 mg/dL

b. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C): 48 mg/dL

c. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C): 122 mg/dL

d. Triglycerides: 198 mg/dL

Question 11

A hospitalized client has a platelet count of 58,000/mm3. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Encourage high-protein foods.

b. Institute neutropenic precautions.

c. Limit visitors to healthy adults.

d. Place the client on safety precautions.

Question 12

A client is in the hospital after suffering a myocardial infarction and has bathroom privileges. The nurse assists the client to the bathroom and notes the client’s O2 saturation to be 95%, pulse 88 beats/min, and respiratory rate 16 breaths/min after returning to bed. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Administer oxygen at 2 L/min.

b. Allow continued bathroom privileges.

c. Obtain a bedside commode.

d. Suggest the client use a bedpan

Question 13

A nurse is working with a client who takes atorvastatin (Lipitor). The client’s recent laboratory results include a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 33 mg/dL and creatinine of 2.8 mg/dL. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Ask if the client eats grapefruit.
b. Assess the client for dehydration.
c. Facilitate admission to the hospital.
d. Obtain a random urinalysis.

Question 14

While assessing a client on a cardiac unit, a nurse identifies the presence of an S3 gallop. Which action should the nurse take next?

a. Assess for symptoms of left-sided heart failure.

b. Document this as a normal finding.

c. Call the health care provider immediately.

d. Transfer the client to the intensive care unit.

Question 15

The nurse is evaluating a 3-day diet history with a client who has an elevated lipid panel. What meal selection indicates the client is managing this condition well with diet?

a. A 4-ounce steak, French fries, iceberg lettuce

b. Baked chicken breast, broccoli, tomatoes

c. Fried catfish, cornbread, peas

d. Spaghetti with meat sauce, garlic bread

Question 16

A client is in shock and the nurse prepares to administer insulin for a blood glucose reading of 208 mg/dL. The spouse asks why the client needs insulin as the client is not a diabetic. What response by the nurse is best?

a. “High glucose is common in shock and needs to be treated.”

b. “Some of the medications we are giving are to raise blood sugar.”

c. “The IV solution has lots of glucose, which raises blood sugar.”

d. “The stress of this illness has made your spouse a diabetic.”

Question 17

The nurse gets the hand-off report on four clients. Which client should the nurse assess first?

a. Client with a blood pressure change of 128/74 to 110/88 mm Hg

b. Client with oxygen saturation unchanged at 94%

c. Client with a pulse change of 100 to 88 beats/min

d. Client with urine output of 40 mL/hr for the last 2 hours

Question 18

A nurse cares for a client with right-sided heart failure. The client asks, “Why do I need to weigh myself every day?” How should the nurse respond?

a. “Weight is the best indication that you are gaining or losing fluid.”

b. “Daily weights will help us make sure that you’re eating properly.”

c. “The hospital requires that all inpatients be weighed daily.”

d. “You need to lose weight to decrease the incidence of heart failure.”

Question 19

A nurse cares for a client who has a heart rate averaging 56 beats/min with no adverse symptoms. Which activity modification should the nurse suggest to avoid further slowing of the heart rate?

a. “Make certain that your bath water is warm.”

b.“Avoid straining while having a bowel movement.”

c.“Limit your intake of caffeinated drinks to one a day.”

d.“Avoid strenuous exercise such as running.”

Question 20

A nurse is caring for a client after surgery. The client’s respiratory rate has increased from 12 to 18 breaths/min and the pulse rate increased from 86 to 98 beats/min since they were last assessed 4 hours ago. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Ask if the client needs pain medication.

b. Assess the client’s tissue perfusion further.

c. Document the findings in the client’s chart.

d. Increase the rate of the client’s IV infusion.

Question 21

An emergency room nurse obtains the health history of a client. Which statement by the client should alert the nurse to the occurrence of heart failure?

a. “I get short of breath when I climb stairs.”

b. “I see halos floating around my head.”

c. “I have trouble remembering things.”

d. “I have lost weight over the past month.”

Question 22

The health care provider tells the nurse that a client is to be started on a platelet inhibitor. About what drug does the nurse plan to teach the client?

a. Clopidogrel (Plavix)

b. Enoxaparin (Lovenox)

c. Reteplase (Retavase)

d. Warfarin (Coumadin)

Question 23

A nurse assesses a client’s electrocardiograph tracing and observes that not all QRS complexes are preceded by a P wave. How should the nurse interpret this observation?

a. The client has hyperkalemia causing irregular QRS complexes.

b. Ventricular tachycardia is overriding the normal atrial rhythm.

c. The client’s chest leads are not making sufficient contact with the skin.

d. Ventricular and atrial depolarizations are initiated from different sites.

Question 24

A nurse caring for a client with sickle cell disease (SCD) reviews the client’s laboratory work. Which finding should the nurse report to the provider?

a. Creatinine: 2.9 mg/dL

b. Hematocrit: 30%

c. Sodium: 147 mEq/L

d. White blood cell count: 12,000/mm3