Assignment: Complex Technology

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Assignment: Complex Technology

Assignment: Complex Technology

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Background

Nursing is an aid-oriented profession and its main role is caring. Nursing is a profession that requires complex behavioural practices. The responsibilities of practitioners include physical, psychological, mental and spiritual care for a variety of clients. A nurse affects the patient and is affected them through positive communication and planned nursing initiatives (Tutuk et al., 2002; Ozcan, 2006).

Watson (2005) advocated patient-nurse interaction-based nursing care, and developed Caring Theory from a humanistic and holistic point of view. It is essential to improve knowledge regarding caring, which is the basis for nursing (Watson, 1990; Ozer et al., 2006; Yurtsever and Altiok, 2006; Yildirim and Tasci 2013). According to Watson, a nurse must develop and sustain a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship with their patient in order to promote healing and health. Moreover, in Watson’s theory, the nurse-patient caring relationship protects, enhances and preserves the patient’s dignity, humanity and wholeness. Therefore, Watson’s theory-focusing mainly on the nurse-patient relationship as a variable central to nursing-serves as a guide for developing a scale that captures the core of nursing practice. Watson suggests ten carative factors for nurses engaging in caring. The guidelines do not attempt to describe specific clinical activities, but simply highlight essential elements at the core of caring nursing practice. They identify the elements of humanism in nursing care in therapeutic relationships and clinical activities. The ten carative factors are as follows: (1) humanistic-altruistic value system; (2) faith-hope; (3) sensitivity to self and others; (4) helping-trusting, human care relationship; (5) expressing positive and negative feelings; (6) creative problem-solving caring processes; (7)transpersonal teaching-learning; (8) supportive, protective and/or corrective mental, physical, societal and spiritual environment; (9) human needs assistance; and (10) existentialphenomenological-spiritual forces (Watson, 1988; Cossette et al., 2005).

It is well-known that occupational knowledge, experience, critical thinking skills and critical thinking processes are very important in the nursing profession. That is why, while managing the caring process, nurses are obliged to assess the problems of the patient and decide on the method of caring according to the data obtained. Most of the time, nurses must assess a number of options concurrently and make quick decisions. Sometimes the right decision made by the nurse plays a vital role in a patient’s life. This is why critical thinking is crucial in nursing (Ozdelikara et al., 2012).

In this modern healthcare environment, with its complex technology and patient interventions, nurses require critical thinking skills. Therefore, many studies have emphasised the need for critical thinking (Cho, 2005; Zygmont and Schaefer, 2006; Hoffman, 2008; Vacek, 2009; Wood and Toronto, 2012).

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