Assignment: Anorexia Nervosa

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Assignment: Anorexia Nervosa

Assignment: Anorexia Nervosa

ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER:Assignment: Anorexia Nervosa

Eating Disorders

Be able to describe the common versus different characteristics associated with the

conditions of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Do NOT focus on how these disorders are

diagnosed, but rather focus on the behavioral and physical characteristics of each disease.

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorder Statistics

• 30 million Americans suffer from an eating disorder • The rate of development of new cases of eating

disorders has been increasing since 1950 (Hudson et al., 2007; Streigel-Moore & Franko, 2003; Wade et al., 2011).

• There has been a rise in incidence of anorexia in young women 15-19 in each decade since 1930 (Hoek& van Hoeken, 2003).

• The incidence of bulimia in 10-39 year old women TRIPLED between 1988 and 1993 (Hoek& van Hoeken, 2003).

Risk factors for Eating Disorders

• they often occur with one or more other psychiatric disorders, which can complicate treatment and make recovery more difficult.

• Among those who suffer from eating disorders: – Alcohol and other substance abuse disorders are 4 times

more common than in the general populations (Harrop & Marlatt, 2010).

– Depression and other mood disorders co-occur quite frequently (Mangweth et al., 2003; McElroy, Kotwal, & Keck, 2006).

– There is a markedly elevated risk for obsessive- compulsive disorder (Altman & Shankman, 2009).

Biological risk factors

• Scientists are still researching possible biochemical or biological causes of eating disorders. Current research indicates that there are significant genetic contributions to eating disorders. (NEDA, 2017) – In some individuals with eating disorders, certain

chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion have been found to be unbalanced. The exact meaning and implications of these imbalances remain under investigation.

– Eating disorders often run in families.

Diagnosing Anorexia Nervosa (APA, 2013)

• Anorexia nervosa is a mental health disorder characterized by distorted body image and excessive dieting that leads to severe weight loss with a pathological fear of becoming fat. – Females- more likely to focus on weight loss – Males- more likely to focus on muscle mass

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