A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis

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8-1 Discussion: Patient Education

A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis. She does not understand how this could be possible, as she has always been a milk drinker.

  1. As the nurse caring for her, explain the risk factors for developing osteoporosis.
  2. Explore patient-care technologies and how you would use these in educating her on this new diagnosis.
  3. Identify the type of pain this individual will most likely experience with a diagnosis of osteoporosis. Briefly include the pathophysiology in your rationale to this answer.

In responding to your peers, please expand on the pathophysiology of both normal bone formation and abnormal bone formation (as discussed in your textbook), identifying the minerals and hormones

A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis

A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis

involved in the process. Please include at least one source in your response.

To complete this assignment, review the Discussion Rubric document.

A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis: ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER: 

8-1 Discussion: Patient Education

McCance and Huether (2019) describes osteoporosis (OP) as the most common bone disease in humans. It is characterized by love bone mineral density (BMD), impaired structural integrity of the bone, decreased bone strength, and the risk of fracture (pg. 1432). OP can be diagnosed by performing a bone density study (Bone Densitometry). “DXA scans of the central skeleton to measure BMD of the lumbar spine and hip. Central DXA examinations have three major roles, namely the diagnosis of OP, the assessment of patients’ risk of fracture, and monitoring response to treatment” (Blake & Fogelman, 2007).

When discussing risk factors, I would include the following:

  • Females at are higher risk of developing OP.
  • Advanced age.
  • Family history.
  • Previous bony fractures
  • Race: White, Asian and Latino women are at higher risk than their counterparts.
  • Menopause

The above is a list of uncontrollable risk factors. There are many things that women can do to help prevent OP. Some interventions include getting regular weight bearing exercise, proper diet, refrain from smoking and limit alcohol intake (Camacho, 2019).

For many patients, fracture is the first indication of low BMD. We all know fractures are uncomfortable and cause pain. Location of the fracture can cause an increase in the amount of pain a patient feels. Most fractures due to low BMD occur in the hip, wrist, and spine. Having a fracture of the wrist may not be as painful as a fracture of the spine. “Health technology includes not only drugs, medical equipment, and devices but also prevention, diagnostic, and treatment procedures” (Hiligsmann, Kanis, Compston, Cooper, Flamion, Bergmann, & Reginster, (2013).

Bony pain and be acute or chronic and pain levels can range from mild to severe or achy or sharp in nature. Bony pain is one of the most uncomfortable pains patients will experience as it can be hard to treat. “Chronic pain in OP has sensory characteristics and properties of nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Chronic pain is a multidimensional experience with sensory, affective, and cognitive aspects, all of which interact and contribute to the final response of an individual who is subjected to pain” (Paolucci, Saraceni, & Piccinini, 2016).

References: A 60-year-old woman has just been diagnosed with osteoporosis

Blake, G. M., & Fogelman, I. (2007). The role of DXA bone density scans in the

diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. Postgraduate medical journal,

           83(982), 509–517. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2007.057505

Camacho, P. (2019). Risk factors for osteoporosis. Retrieved from

https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/osteoporosis/risk-factors-osteoporosis

Reginster, J. Y. (2013). Health technology assessment in osteoporosis. Calcified tissue international,

           93(1), 1–14. doi:10.1007/s00223-013-9724-8

Hiligsmann, M., Kanis, J. A., Compston, J., Cooper, C., Flamion, B., Bergmann, P., Reginster, J. Y.

(2013). Health technology assessment in osteoporosis. Calcified tissue international93(1), 1–14.

doi:10.1007/s00223-013-9724-8

McCance, K., & Huether, S. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults

and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Paoluci, T., Saraceni, V. M., & Piccinini, G. (2016). Management of chronic pain in osteoporosis:

challenges and solutions. Journal of pain research9, 177–186. doi:10.2147/JPR.S83574

Undergraduate Discussion Rubric

Overview
Your active participation in the discussions is essential to your overall success this term. Discussion questions will help you make meaningful connections
between the course content and the larger concepts of the course. These discussions give you a chance to express your own thoughts, ask questions, and gain insight from your peers and instructor.

Directions
For each discussion, you must create one initial post and follow up with at least two response posts.

For your initial post, do the following:
• Write a post of 1 to 2 paragraphs.
• In Module One, complete your initial post by Thursday at 11:

A 60-year-old

• In Modules Two through Eight, complete your initial post by T woman has just
• Consider content from other parts of the course where appro been diagnosed

of your local time zone.
tion methods for your discipline when referencing scholarly or

popular sources.

with osteoporosis

For your response posts, do the following:
• Reply to at least two classmates outside of your own initial
• In Module One, complete your two response posts by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. Eastern.
• In Modules Two through Eight, complete your two response posts by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. of your local time zone.
• Demonstrate more depth and thought than saying things like “I agree” or “You are wrong.” Guidance is provided for you in the discussion prompt.

Rubric

Critical Elements Exemplary Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Value
Comprehension Develops an initial post with an organized, clear point of view or
idea using rich and significant detail
(100%) Develops an initial post with a point of view or idea using adequate organization and
detail (85%) Develops an initial post with a point of view or idea but with some gaps in organization and
detail (55%) Does not develop an initial post with an organized point of view or idea (0%) 40
Timeliness N/A Submits initial post on time (100%) Submits initial post one day late (55%) Submits initial post two or more days late (0%) 10
Engagement Provides relevant and meaningful response posts with clarifying
explanation and detail (100%) Provides relevant response posts with some explanation
and detail (85%) Provides somewhat relevant response posts with some
explanation and detail (55%) Provides response posts that are generic with little
explanation or detail (0%) 30

Critical Elements Exemplary Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Value
Writing
(Mechanics) Writes posts that are easily understood, clear, and concise using proper citation methods
where applicable with no errors in
citations (100%) Writes posts that are easily understood using proper
citation methods where applicable with few errors in
citations (85%) Writes posts that are understandable using proper citation methods where
applicable with a number of
errors in citations (55%) Writes posts that others are not able to understand and does not use proper citation
methods where applicable (0%) 20
Total 100%

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